Building Code Resource Library

Fire Research



Staging Areas for Persons with Mobility Limitations
NISTIR 4770  f92014
John H. Klote, Harold E. Nelson and Scot Deal, Building and Fire Research Laboratory, National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST); Bernard M. Levin, George Mason University
February 1992
Posted:  September 4, 2011

Building Tactical Information System for Public Safety Officials
NISTIR 7314  f06044
David G. Holmberg, Stephen J. Treado, Kent A. Reed and William D. Davis, Building and Fire Research Laboratory, National Institute of Standards and Technology
January 2006
Posted:  September 4, 2011

Calculating Available Safe Egress Time (ASET)-A Computer Program and User’s Guide
NBSIR 82-2578
Leonard Y. Cooper and David W. Stroup, Center for Fire Research, National Bureau of Standards
September 1982
Posted:  September 3, 2011

Analysis of Large-Scale Fire Test Data
f91002
Richard Peacock and Vytenis Babrauskas, Building and Fire Research Laboratory, National Institute of Standards and Technology
1991
Posted:  September 1, 2011

Behavior of Bare and Aspirated Thermocouples in Compartment Fires
HTD99-280  f99112
Linda G. Blevins, Advanced Measurement Group, National Institute of Standards and Technology
August 1999
Posted:  September 1, 2011

Impact of Ventilation on Fire Behavior in Legacy and Contemporary Residential Construction
Steve Kerber, Underwriters Laboratories, Inc.
December 14, 2010
Posted:  August 22, 2011

A Computational Model of Dissipation of Oxygen from an Outward Leak of a Closed-Circuit Breathing Device
NIST Technical Note 1484 f07024
Kathryn M. Butler, Building and Fire Research Laboratory, National Institute of Standards and Technology
June 2007

A Dispersed Liquid Agent Fire Suppression Screening Method
NISTIR 6242 f98157
Jiann C. Yang, Michelle K. Donnelly, Nikki C. Prive and William L. Grosshandler, Building and Fire Research Laboratory, National Institute of Standards and Technology
October 1998

A History of NBS/NIST Research on Fire Detectors
f01030
Richard W. Bukowski, National Institute of Standards and Technology
March 2001

A Hypothetical Model for a Performance-Based Codes System for the United States
f97175
Richard W. Bukowski
1997

A Methodology for Predicting Smoke Detector Response
f02056
James A. Ierardi and Jonathan R. Barnett, WPI Center for Firesafety Studies
2002

A Methodology for the Quantitative Treatment of Variability and Uncertainty in Performance-Based Engineering Analysis and/or Decision Analysis With a Case Study in Residential Fire Sprinklers
f98010
Kathy A. Notarianni, Building and Fire Research Laboratory, National Institute of Standards and Technology Paul Fischbeck, Carnegie Mellon University
May 1998

A Research Agenda for Fire Protection Engineering
Morgan J. Hurley, Society of Fire Protection Engineers
September 2001

A Review of Water Mist Fire Suppression Systems-Fundamental Studies
f00180
Zhigang Liu and Andrew K. Kim, Institute for Research in Construction, National Research Council Canada
2000

A Smoke Detector Algorithm for Large Eddy Simulation Modeling
NIST GCR 07-911 f07043
Richard J. Roby, Stephen M. Olenick, Wei Zhang, Douglas J. Carpenter and Michael S. Klassen, Combustion Science & Engineering, Inc. Jose L. Torero, The University of Edinburgh
July 2007

A Study of Size Effects in the Fire Performance of Beds
NIST Technical Note 1465 f05010
Thomas Ohlemiller, Building Fire Research Laboratory, National Institute of Standards and Technology
January 2005

An Assessment of a Possible Bench Scale Screening Protocol For Predicting Full-Scale Mattress Fire Behavior
NISTIR 7341 f06038
Thomas J. Ohlemiller, Building and Fire Research Laboratory, National Institute of Standards and Technology
September 2006

An Experimental Study of Multiple Droplet Evaporative Cooling
NIST-GCR-93-624 f93089
H. Dawson and M. di Marzo, University of Maryland
April 1993

Applying the lessons of September 11, 2001 to the built environment
f05027
Richard W. Bukowski, Building and Fire Research Laboratory, National Institute of Standards and Technology
2005

Building and Fire Safety: Responding to the World Trade Center Disaster
f04059
S. Shyam Sunder, Building and Fire Research Laboratory, National Institute of Standards and Technology
2004

Building Regulatory Systems in a Post-September 11 World
f04040
Richard W. Bukowski, Building and Fire Research Laboratory, National Institute of Standards and Technology
2004

Building Regulatory Systems in a Post-September 11 World
f04067
Richard W. Bukowski, Building and Fire Research Laboratory, National Institute of Standards and Technology
2004

Building Tactical Information System for Public Safety Officials
NISTIR 7314 f06044
David G. Holmberg, William D. Davis, Stephen J. Treado and Kent A. Reed, Building and Fire Research Laboratory, National Institute of Standard and Technology
January, 2006

Concepts of a Performance-Based Building Regulatory System for the United States
NIST GCR-98-762 f98126
Brian J. Meacham, Society of Fire Protection Engineers
November 1998

Concepts of a Performance-Based Building Regulatory System for the United States
f97067
Brian J. Meacham, Society of Fire Protection Engineers
1997

Dealing with Uncertainty to Improve Regulation
f99141
Kathy A. Notarianni, National Institute of Standards and Technology Paul S. Fischbeck, Carnegie Mellon University
June 1999

Defining flashover for fire hazard calculations
f99054
Richard D. Peacock, Paul A. Reneke and Richard W. Bukowski, Building and Fire Research Laboratory, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Vytenis Babrauskas, Fire Science and Technology, Inc.
1999

Defining flashover for fire hazard calculations: Part II
f03001
Vytenis Babrauskas, Fire Science and Technology, Inc. Richard D. Peacock and Paul A. Reneke, Building and Fire Research Laboratory, National Institute of Standards and Technology
February 2003

Demonstration of Biodegradable, Environmentally Safe, Non-Toxic Fire Suppression Liquids Chapter 4-Smoke Characterization
NISTIR 6191 f98036
Nelson P. Bryner, Building and Fire Research Laboratory, National Institute of Standards and Technology
July 1998

Demonstration of Biodegradable, Environmentally Safe, Non-Toxic Fire Suppression Liquids Chapter 2-Fire Fighting Properties
NISTIR 6191 f98050
David W. Stroup, Daniel Madrzykowski, and Matthew J. Bishop, Building and Fire Research Laboratory, National Institute of Standards and Technology
July 1998

Demonstration of Real-Time Tactical Decision Aid Displays
NISTIR 7437 f07027
William D. Davis, David Holmberg, Paul Reneke, Lori Brassell and Robert Vettori, Building and Fire Research Laboratory, National Institute of Standards and Technology
August 2007

Determination of Water Spray Drop Size and Velocity from a Low Pressure, High Momentum Water Mist Nozzle
FR 4000 f95156
Anthony D. Putorti, Jr., Tamra D. Belsinger, William H. Twilley, Building and Fire Research Laboratory, National Institute of Standards and Technology
May 1995

Determining Design Fires for Designlevel and Extreme Events
f06014
Richard W. Bukowski, Building and Fire Research Laboratory, National Institute of Standards and Technology
June 2006

Effect of Bed Clothes Modifications on Fire Performance of Bed Assemblies
NIST Technical Note 1449 f03016
Thomas J. Ohlemiller and Richard G. Gann, Building and Fire Research Laboratory, National Institute of Standards and Technology
February 2003

Estimating Reduced Fire Risk Resulting From An Improved Mattress Flammability Standard
NIST Technical Note 1446 f02017
Thomas J. Ohlemiller and Richard G. Gann, Building and Fire Research Laboratory, National Institute of Standards and Technology
August 2002

Extinction Conditions of Non-Premixed Flames with Fine Droplets of Water and Water/NaOH Solutions
f01010
A. K. Lazzarini, R. H. Krauss and H. K. Chelliah, University of Virginia G. T. Linteris, Building and Fire Research Laboratories, National Institute of Standards and Technology
July/August 2000

Extinction of Counterflow Diffusion Flames with Fine-W ater Droplets
f00111 A. K. Lazzarini, R. H. Krauss and H. K. Chelliah, University of Virginia G. T. Linteris, Building and Fire Research Laboratory, National Institute of Standards and Technology
May 2000

Fire-Induced Winds in the 20 October 1991 Oakland Hills Fire
f97076
Javier Trelles and Patrick J. Pagni, University of California-Berkeley
1997

Fire Safety Engineering in Pursuit of Performance-Based Codes: Collected Papers
NISTIR 5878 f96070
Richard W. Bukowski, Building and Fire Research Laboratory, National Institute of Standards and Technology
October 1996

Fire-Scenarios or Scenario Fires? Can Fire Safety Science Provide the Critical Inputs for Performance Based Fire Safety Analysis
f00159
Vincent M. Brannigan, University of Maryland
July 1999

Fire Suppression Efficiency Screening Using a Counterflow Cylindrical Burner
f99132
Jiann C. Yang, Michelle K. Donnelly, Nikke Prive and William L. Grosshandler, Building and Fire Research Laboratory, National Institute of Standards and Technology
1999

Flame Suppression Properties of HFC-227ea: Fundamental Studies and Suppression of Real-World Class A Hazards
f96108
Mark L. Robin, Great Lakes Chemical Corporation
1996

Flammability Test for Flame Retardant Plastic Pallet
NISTIR 6588 f00157
Tokiyoshi Yamada, Eiji Yanai and Hidefumi Naba, National Research Institute of Fire and Disaster Masahiro Sagara, Mitsugu Haga, Hiroji Fukumoto, Japan Pallet Association Tsuyoshi Kobayashi, Rinkagaku Kogyo Co., Ltd.
November 2000

Flammability Tests of Full-Scale Mattresses: Gas Burners versus Burning Bedclothes
NISTIR 7006 f03096
Thomas J. Ohlemiller, Building and Fire Research Laboratory, National Institute of Standards and Technology
July 2003

Forum Workshop on Establishing the Scientific Foundation for Performance-Based Fire Codes: Proceedings
NIST Special Publication 1061 f06082
William Grosshandler, Building and Fire Research Laboratory, National Institute of Standards and Technology
December 2006

Global Dissemination of Performance Data and Information
f01107
Richard W. Bukowski and Richard D. Peacock, Building and Fire Research Laboratory, National Institute of Standards and Technology

High Reliability Safety Systems forEmergency Response in the Built Environment
f01143
Walter W. Jones and Paul W. Reneke, Building and Fire Research Laboratory, National Institute of Standards and Technology
February 2001

Impact of Fire Fighting Agents on Drop Size
f97195
Matthew J. Bishop and David W. Stroup, Building and Fire Research Laboratory, National Institute of Standards and Technology
August 1997

Impact of Glazing on Growing Compartment Fires
f03144
Patrick J. Pagni and Bernard R. Cuzzillo, University of California at Berkeley
2003

Integrating Fire Systems With Other Building Automation and Control Systems
NISTIR 6588 b00057
Steven T. Bushby, Building and Fire Research Laboratory, National Institute of Standards and Technology
November 2000

International Workshop on Fire Performance of High-Strength Concrete Limitation of Current U.S. Standards and Challenges of Performance-Based Standards
NIST Special Publications 919 b97105
James A. Milke, University of Maryland
February 1997

Intumescent “Instant Firewalls” for Lowcost Fire Protection
f02100
Ginger Bennett, Booz Allen Hamilton
June 2002

Large Fire Experiments for Fire Model Evaluations
f96062
David D. Evans, Building and Fire Research Laboratory, National Institute of Standards and Technology
March 1996

Materials and Fire Threat
f96045
Usman Sorathia, Carderock Divison, Naval Surface Warfare Center Richard Lyon, FAA Technical Center/Fire Research Richard G. Gann, Building and Fire Laboratory, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Louis Gritzo, Sandia National Laboratory
May/June 1996

Materials and Fire Threat
f97189
Usman Sorathia, Carderock Division, Naval Surface Warfare Center Richard Lyon, FAA Technical Center/ Fire Research Richard G. Gann, Building and Fire Research Laboratory, National Institute of Standards and Technology Louis Gritzo, Sandia National Laboratory
1997

Methods for Predicting Smoke Detector Activation
f98185
Richard W. Bukowski, Building and Fire Research Laboratory, National Institute of Standards and Technology Jason D. Averill Worcester Polytechnic Institute
February 1998

Minimum Mass Flux Requirements to Suppress Burning Surfaces With Water Sprays
NISTIR 5795 f96074
Jiann C. Yang, Charles I. Boyer and William L. Grosshandler, Building and Fire Research Laboratory, National Institute of  Standards and Technology
April 1996

National W orkshop on Structures in Fire: State-of-the-Art, Research and Training Needs
NIST GCR 07-915 f07076
Venkatesh Kodur, Michigan State University Maria Garlock, Princeton University Nestor Iwankiw, Hughes Associates, Inc.
December 2007

Numerical Simulation of the Caldecott Tunnel Fire, April 1982
NISTIR 7231 f05186
Kevin B. McGrattan, Building and Fire Research Laboratory, National Institute of Standards and Technology
December 2005

Outline of Reforming the Building Standard Law in Japan
f00102
Shuitsu Yusa, Building Research Institute Makoto Tsujimoto, Nagoya University
November 2000

Performance Based Fire Safety Regulation Under Intentional Uncertainty
f98056
Vincent Brannigan and Carol Smidts, University of Maryland-College Park
August/September 1998

Progress and Overview of Performance-Based Codes and Standards in Japan
NISTIR 6588 f00153
Makoto Tsujimoto, Nagoya University Shuitsu Yusa, Building Research Institute
November 2000

Progress in 3-D Modeling of Wood Fire Growth using a PC
f03136
Mark A. Dietenberger, USDA Forest Service –Forests Products Laboratory
2003

Progress Toward a Performance-Based Codes System for the United States
f97054
Richard W. Bukowski, Building and Fire Research Laboratory, National Institute of Standards and Technology
October 1997

Protection of Firefighters under the Building Codes
f02001
Richard W. Bukowski, Building and Fire Research Laboratory, National Institute of Standards and Technology
January 2002

Prototype Model for Simulating Barrier Fire Performance: CFAST.GYPST-For Evaluating the Thermal Response of Gypsum-Panel/Steel-Stud Wall Systems
NISTIR 6482 f00009
Leonard Y. Cooper and Paul A. Reneke, Building and Fire Research Laboratory, National Institute of Standards and Technology
February 2000

Requirements to Gas Sensors in Fire Alarms for Residential Use
f01054
A. Pfefferseder, BOSCH Telecom GmbH
March 2001

Residential Nuisance Source Characteristics for Smoke Alarm Testing
f04043
Thomas G. Cleary, Building and Fire Research Laboratory, National Institute of Standards and Technology
2004

Response-Time Comparisons of Ionization and Photoelectric/Heat Detectors
f01056
J. R. Qualey III, L. Desmarais, J. Pratt, Simplex Time Recorder Co.
March 2001

Risk and Performance Standards
f96052
Richard W. Bukowski, Building and Fire Research Laboratory, National Institute of Standards and Technology
June 1996

Risk and Performance Standards
f97176
Richard W. Bukowski, Building and Fire Research Laboratory, National Institute of Standards and Technology
March 1996

Room/Corner Tests of Wall Linings With 100/300 kW Burners
f96129
Mark A. Dietenberger and Robert H. White, US Department of Agriculture Ondrej Grexa, State Forest Products Research Institute, Slovakia Marc Janssens
1996

SFPE Perspectives on Performance-Based Fire Safety Design
NISTIR 6030 f97124
Brian J. Meachem, Society of Fire Protection Engineers
June 1997

Simulation of Smoke Transport and Coagulation for a Standard Test Fire
f01034
B. Farouk, Drexel University G. W. Mulholland, K. B. McGrattan and T. G. Cleary, Building and Fire Research Laboratory, National Institute of Standards and Technology
March 2001

Standard Linkages to a Performance-Based Regulatory Framework
f01074
Richard W. Bukowski, Building and Fire Research Laboratory, National Institute of Standards and Technology Yossy Hirano, Building Research Institute Japan Tony Rackliffe, The British Board of Agrément,
UK 2001

Thermal Breakage of Double-Pane Glazing by Fire
f98170
Bernard R. Cuzzillo, Berkeley Engineering and Research, Inc. Patrick J. Pagni, University of California-Berkeley
1998

Thermal Performance of Fire Fighters Protective Clothing. Protective Clothing Performance Simulator – User’s Manual
NISTIR 6901 f03105
Kuldeep Prasad, Hoang Minh Ho Dac and Scott Kukuck, Building and Fire Research Laboratory, National Institute of Standards and Technology
January 2003

The Benefits of Innovative, Less Flammable Products in an Era of Performance-Based Building and Fire Codes
f01105
Richard W. Bukowski, Building and Fire Research Laboratory, National Institute of Standards and Technology
March 2001

The NIST 3 Megawatt Quantitative Heat Release Rate Facility NIST Special Publication 1007
f03130
Rodney A. Bryant, Thomas, J. Ohlemiller, Erik L. Johnsson, Anthony Hamins, Alexander Maranghides and George W. Mulholland, Building and Fire Research Laboratory, National Institute of Standards and Technology Brian S. Grove, Alcohol Tobacco and Firearms, Department of Justice William F. Guthrie, Information Technology Laboratory
December 2003

The Role of Standards In a Performance-based Building Regulatory System
f02032
Richard W. Bukowski, Building and Fire Research Laboratory, National Institute of Standards and Technology
2002

The Role of Standards In a Performance-based Building Regulatory System
f03030
Richard W. Bukowski, Building and Fire Research Laboratory, National Institute of Standards and Technology
2003

The Thermal Response of Gypsum-Panel/Steel-Stud Wall Systems Exposed to Fire Environments-A Simulation for Use in Zone-Type Fire Models
NISTIR 6027 f97008
Leonard Y. Cooper, Building and Fire Research Laboratory, National Institute of Standards and Technology
June 1997

Towards a Methodology for the Characterization of Fire Resistive Materials W ith Respect to Thermal Performance Models
f06009
Dale P. Bentz, Kuldeep R. Prasad and Jiann C. Yang, Building and Fire Research Laboratory, National Institute of Standards and Technology
October 2005

Towards Engineered Fire Safety: A Global Research Strategy for the 21st Century
f00175
Jack E. Snell, Building and Fire Research Laboratory, National Institute of Standards and Technology
October 2000

Upholstered Furniture Transition from Smoldering to Flaming
f97228
Vytenis Babrauskas, Fire Science and Technology, Inc. John F. Krasny
November 1997

Upward Flame Spread on Vertical Surfaces
f97081 Craig L. Beyler, Scan P. Hunt and Naeem Iqbal, Hughes Associates, Inc. Frederick W. Williams,Naval Research Laboratory
June 1997

Window Breakage Induced by Exterior Fires
NIST-GCR-98-751 f98035
Frederick W. Mowrer,University of Maryland
June 1998


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